(Born; Paris, 31 May 1656;
Died; there, 15 Aug 1728). French composer. The central figure in the French bass viol
school, he spent his life in Paris, much of it in royal service. A pupil of Sainte-Colombe
and protégé of Lully, he composed four operas (1693-1709 - notably Alcione, 1706,
famous for its storm scene) that form an important link between Lully and Campra. But his
greatest significance lies in his five collections of music for one to three bass viols
(1686-1725), comprising over 550 pieces. As well as the usual dances, they include
character pieces that are among his finest works, and they possess an eloquence and
refinement of line and richness of ornamental detail that perfectly display the qualities
of his instrument. The Pieces en trio (1692) are recognized as the first appearance
of the trio sonata in France.
(c)Groves Dictionaries, MacMillan
Publishers Limited, UK
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