GMNYour Arts Network
Home Classical Jazz Opera Ballet Theater World Shop Contests Forums

GMN Premium

 Special Offers
 Best Sellers
 Gift Subscriptions

Visit our NEW! Discussion Forums
(Registration Required)

FREE Newsletter

The GMN Shop
Content Archive
The MediaPlayer
Free Music
Grove Dictionary
All Searches

 Sign In
 New User Sign Up
 Select a Player

Rachmaninov, Sergei
 Listen To Music
 List/Buy Works

Sergey Rachmaninoff [Rachmaninov]

(Born; Semyonovo, 1 April 1873; Died; Beverley Hills, 28 March 1943). Russian composer and pianist. He studied at the Moscow Conservatory (1885-92) under Zverev (where Skryabin was a fellow pupil) and his cousin Ziloti for piano and Taneyev and Arensky for composition, graduating with distinction as both pianist and composer (the opera Aleko, given at the Bol'shoy in 1893, was his diploma piece). During the ensuing years he composed piano pieces (including his famous C sharp minor Prelude), songs and orchestral works, but the disastrous première in 1897 of his Symphony no. 1 poorly conducted by Glazunov, brought about a creative despair that was not dispelled until he sought medical help in 1900: then he quickly composed his Second Piano Concerto. Meanwhile he had set out on a new career as a conductor, appearing in Moscow and London; he later was conductor at the Bol'shoy, 1904-6.

By this stage, and most particularly in the Piano Concerto no. 2, the essentials of his art had been assembled: the command of the emotional gesture conceived as lyrical melody extended from small motifs, the concealment behind this of subtleties in orchestration and structure, the broad sweep of his lines and forms, the predominant melancholy and nostalgia, the loyalty to the finer Russian Romanticism inherited from Tchaikovsky and his teachers. These things were not to change, and during the remaining years to the Revolution they provided him with the materials for a sizable output of operas liturgical music, orchestral works, piano pieces and songs, even though composition was generally restricted to periods of seclusion between concert engagements. In 1909 he made his first American tour as a pianist, for which he wrote the Piano Concerto no. 3.

Soon after the October Revolution he left Russia with his family for Scandinavia; in 1918 they arrived in New York, where he mainly lived thereafter, though he spent periods in Paris (where he founded a publishing firm), Dresden and Switzerland. There was a period of creative silence until 1926 when he wrote the Piano Concerto no. 4, followed by only a handful of works over the next 15 years, even though all are on a large scale. During this period, however, he was active as a pianist on both sides of the Atlantic (though never again in Russia). As a pianist he was famous for his precision, rhythmic drive, legato and clarity of texture and for the broad design of his performances.

Operas Aleko (1893); The Miserly Knight (1906); Francesca da Rimini (1906)

Choral music 6 choruses, women's or children's v (1896) Spring, Bar, chorus, orch (1902); Liturgy of St John Chrysostom (1910); The Bells, S, T, Bar, chorus, orch (1913); All-Night Vigil (1915); 3 Russian songs (1926)Piano and orchestra Pf Conc. no.1, fSharp; (1891); Pf Conc. no.2, c (1901); Pf Conc. no.3, d (1909); Pf Conc. no.4, g (1926, rev. 1941); Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini (1934)

Orchestral music Prince Rostislav, sym. poem (1891); The Rock, sym. poem (1893); Capriccio on Gypsy Themes (1894); Sym. no.1, d (1895); Sym, no.2, e (1907), The Isle of the Dead, sym. poem (1909); Sym. no.3, a (1936); Sym. Dances (1940)

Piano musicMorceaux de salon, (1894); 6 Duets, 4 hands (1894); Moments musicaux (1896); Suite, 2 pf (1901); Chopin variations (1903); 10 Preludes op.23 (1903); Sonata no.1, d (1907); 13 Preludes op.32 (1910); 6 Etudes-tableaux op.33 (1911); Sonata no.2, Flat; (1913); 9 Etudes-tableaux op.39 (1917); Corelli variations (1931)

Chamber music Trio éígiaque, g, pf, vn, vc (1892); Trioéígiaque, d, pf, vn, vc (1893); Sonata, vc, pf (1901)

Songs 6 op.4 (1893); 6 op.8 (1893); 12 op.14 (1896); 12 op.21(1902); 15 op.26 (1906); 14 op.34 (1912); 6 op.38 (1916)

(c)Groves Dictionaries, MacMillan Publishers Limited, UK

 Classical News
Festival Preview - Pigtales in Aspen
A pig with hair to make Goldilocks blush and who is more concerned with true love than becoming sausages. There's meat in Gruber's opera premiered to be premiered in Aspen...

Goodbye to Berlin
Claudio Abbado conducts his Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra for the final time in Vienna to great ovations and celebrations of a top-rank conducting career...

GMN artists prominent at Proms 2002
The BBC Promenade Concerts for 2002 have been announced and, as usual, feature a feast of musical luninaries, with many of the concert highlights coming from GMN's illustrious family...

More Classical News

 Featured Item

Read more

gmnyour arts network 
 GMN ClassicalPlus   GMN JazzPlus 
Become an Affiliate · Contact Us · Advertising · News · Links
Home · Register · Terms of Use · Privacy Policy · Information Center · Help

Copyright © 1999 - 2001 Global Music Network Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Music downloads, audio and video provided for personal, non-commercial use only and may not be re-distributed.

Thu, Apr 22, 2021 9:57:33 AM US EST
back to top
0.015625 Seconds
v4.0b - - True