GMNYour Arts Network
Home Classical Jazz Opera Ballet Theater World Shop Contests Forums

GMN Premium

 Special Offers
 Best Sellers
 Gift Subscriptions

Visit our NEW! Discussion Forums
(Registration Required)

FREE Newsletter

The GMN Shop
Content Archive
The MediaPlayer
Free Music
Grove Dictionary
All Searches

 Sign In
 New User Sign Up
 Select a Player

Arne, Thomas Augustine
 Listen To Music
 List/Buy Works

Thomas Augustine Arne

(born London, bap. 28 May 1710; died there, 5 March 1778). English composer. Son of an upholsterer, he was probably encouraged in his musical career by his violin teacher Michael Festing. In 1732-3 he and his sister Susanna (later Mrs Cibber) were associated with musicians, including Henry Carey and J.F. Lampe, who aimed to establish an Italian-style English opera. After the success of his masque Dido and Aeneas (1734), Arne was engaged at Drury Lane Theatre, where he was to produce his works until 1775. In 1737 he married the singer Cecilia Young, who appeared in his next production, Comus (1738); influenced by Handel's Acis and Galatea, it was his most individual and successful work. Also popular was the masque Alfred (1740) (including 'Rule, Britannia'). While in Dublin in 1742-4 Arne produced his oratorio The Death of Abel (1744) and music by Handel. His dialogue Colin and Phoebe established him as a leading composer at the London pleasure gardens; during the next 20 years he published annual song collections. Among his next major works were a miniature English opera buffa, Thomas and Sally (1760), the oratorio Judith (1761) and an English opera seria to a Metastasio libretto, Artaxerxes (1762), the first and only such work to achieve lasting fame. After his masque The Arcadian Nuptials (1764) Arne's career declined; L'Olimpiade (1765; now lost), his only Italian opera, was a failure. But his last years saw the production of many of his best works, notably Shakespeare Ode (1769), the masque The Fairy Prince (1771) and the afterpiece May-day (1775); he also wrote catches and glees for concerts at Ranelagh House.

One of the most significant English composers of his century, Arne write over 80 stage works and contributed to some 20 others. His essentially lyrical genius is obvious also in his instrumental music.

Dramatic music: Comus, dialogue opera (1738); Alfred, masque (1740) (incl. 'Rule, Britannia'); Thomas and Sally, opera buffa (1760); Artaxerxes, opera (1762); Love in a Village, pasticcio (1762); The Fairy Prince, masque (1771); c50 other stage works (most inc.); contributions to other composers' works.

Vocal music: The Death of Abel (1744); Judith, oratorio (1761); sacred works; secular odes and cantatas; songs, many in Lyric Harmony (1746), Vocal Melody (1749-64); catches, canons, glees.

Instrumental music: overtures (2 sets); trio sonatas; kbd concertos and sonatas.

Groves Dictionaries, MacMillan Publishers Limited, UK

 Classical News
Festival Preview - Pigtales in Aspen
A pig with hair to make Goldilocks blush and who is more concerned with true love than becoming sausages. There's meat in Gruber's opera premiered to be premiered in Aspen...

Goodbye to Berlin
Claudio Abbado conducts his Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra for the final time in Vienna to great ovations and celebrations of a top-rank conducting career...

GMN artists prominent at Proms 2002
The BBC Promenade Concerts for 2002 have been announced and, as usual, feature a feast of musical luninaries, with many of the concert highlights coming from GMN's illustrious family...

More Classical News

 Featured Item

Read more

gmnyour arts network 
 GMN ClassicalPlus   GMN JazzPlus 
Become an Affiliate Contact Us Advertising News Links
Home Register Terms of Use Privacy Policy Information Center Help

Copyright © 1999 - 2001 Global Music Network Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Music downloads, audio and video provided for personal, non-commercial use only and may not be re-distributed.

Sun, Jun 13, 2021 11:58:04 PM US EST
back to top
0.03125 Seconds
v4.0b - - True