GMNYour Arts Network
Home Classical Jazz Opera Ballet Theater World Shop Contests Forums

GMN Premium

 Special Offers
 Best Sellers
 Gift Subscriptions

Visit our NEW! Discussion Forums
(Registration Required)

FREE Newsletter

The GMN Shop
Content Archive
The MediaPlayer
Free Music
Grove Dictionary
All Searches

 Sign In
 New User Sign Up
 Select a Player

Franck, César
 Listen To Music
 List/Buy Works

César Franck

(Born; Liège, 10 Dec 1822; Died; Paris, 8 Nov 1890). French composer, teacher and organist of Belgian birth. Intended by his ambitious father for a career as a piano virtuoso, he studied at the Liège (1830-35) and Paris (1837-42) conservatories but found his true vocation only later through organist's appointments in Paris, chiefly that of Ste Clotilde (from 1858) and part-time teaching. His improvisatory skill attracted notice and led to his first major work, the remarkable Six pièces (1862), though another decade passed before he was appointed organ professor at the Conservatoire. From the mid-1870s until his death his creative powers lasted unabated. He wrote large-scale sacred works, notably the oratorio Les béatitudes (1879), and several symphonic poems such as Le chausseur maudit (1882) and Psyché (1888). But his achievements are evident especially in the symphonic, chamber and keyboard works in which he made one of the most distinguished contributions to the field by any French musician. Here, in the Piano Quintet (1879), the Prélude, choral et fugue for piano (1884), the Violin Sonata (1886), the Symphony in D minor (1888) and the String Quartet (1889), his inherent emotionalism and a preoccupation with counterpoint and traditional forms found a balance, in turn decisively impressing his band of disciples, from Duparc, d'Indy and Chausson to Lekeu, Vierne, Dukas and Guilmant. Features of his mature style, indebted alike to Beethoven, Liszt and Wagner, are his complex, mosaic-like phrase structures, variants of one or two motifs; his rich chromaticism, often put to structural use in the 'chord pair'; and his fondness for cyclic, tripartite forms.

Sacred music Ruth (1846); Rédemption (1874); Les béatitudes (1879); Rébecca (188l); 3 cantatas; 2 masses; Circa; 25 sacred pieces, incl. Panis angelicus (1872) Secular vocal music Hulda (1885, perf. 1894); Ghiselle, unfinished (1890, perf. 1896); patriotic odes and hymns; songs

Orchestral music Sym., d (1888); Les éolides, sym. poem(1876); Le chasseur maudit, sym. poem (1882); Les Djinns, sym. poem (1884); Psyché, sym. poem (1888); Sym. Variations, with pf (1885)

Chamber and keyboard music Str Qnt (1878); (Pf) Qnt (1879); Str Qt, D (1889); 5 pf trios (1834-42); Vn Sonata, A(1886); other vn pieces; Six piEgrave;ces, org (1862); over 100 org and harmonium pieces; Prélude, choral et fugue, pf (1884); Prélude, aria et final, pf (1887); pf fantaisies
(c)Groves Dictionaries, MacMillan Publishers Limited, UK

 Classical News
Festival Preview - Pigtales in Aspen
A pig with hair to make Goldilocks blush and who is more concerned with true love than becoming sausages. There's meat in Gruber's opera premiered to be premiered in Aspen...

Goodbye to Berlin
Claudio Abbado conducts his Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra for the final time in Vienna to great ovations and celebrations of a top-rank conducting career...

GMN artists prominent at Proms 2002
The BBC Promenade Concerts for 2002 have been announced and, as usual, feature a feast of musical luninaries, with many of the concert highlights coming from GMN's illustrious family...

More Classical News

 Featured Item

Read more

gmnyour arts network 
 GMN ClassicalPlus   GMN JazzPlus 
Become an Affiliate · Contact Us · Advertising · News · Links
Home · Register · Terms of Use · Privacy Policy · Information Center · Help

Copyright © 1999 - 2001 Global Music Network Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Music downloads, audio and video provided for personal, non-commercial use only and may not be re-distributed.

Sat, Mar 25, 2023 7:33:32 PM US EST
back to top
1.501465E-02 Seconds
v4.0b - - True