GMNYour Arts Network
Home Classical Jazz Opera Ballet Theater World Shop Contests Forums

GMN Premium

 Special Offers
 Best Sellers
 Gift Subscriptions

Visit our NEW! Discussion Forums
(Registration Required)

FREE Newsletter

The GMN Shop
Content Archive
The MediaPlayer
Free Music
Grove Dictionary
All Searches

 Sign In
 New User Sign Up
 Select a Player

Bernstein, Leonard
 Listen To Music
 List/Buy Works

Bernstein, Leonard

(Born; Lawrence, MA, 25 Aug 1918; Died;New York, 14 Oct 1990 ). American conductor, composer and pianist. He studied at Harvard and the Curtis Institute and was a protégé of Koussevitzky. In 1944 he made his reputation as a conductor when he stepped in when Bruno Walter was ill; thereafter he was associated particularly with the Israel PO(from 1947), the Boston SO and the New York PO (musical director, 1958-69), soon achieving an international reputation, conducting in Vienna and at La Scala. During his tenure the New York PO flourished as never before. A gifted pianist, he often performed simultaneously as soloist and conductor. At the same time, he pursued a career as a composer, cutting across the boundaries between high and popular culture in his mixing of Mahler and Broadway, Copland and Bach. His theatre works are mostly in the Broadway manner: they include the ballet Fancy Free (1944) and the musicals Candide (1956) and West Side Story (1957). His more ambitious works, many of them couched in a richly chromatic, intense post-Mahlerian idiom, often have a religious inspiration, for example the 'Jeremiah' Symphony with mezzo (1942), 'Kaddish', with soloists and choirs (1963) and the theatre piece Mass (1971).

Operas Trouble in Tahiti (1952), rev. as A Quiet Place (1983)Musicals On the Town (1944); Wonderful Town (1953); Candide (1956); West Side Story (1957)

Other dramatic musicFancy Free, ballet (1944); Facsimile, ballet (1946); On the Waterfront, film score (1954); Mass, theatre piece (1971); Dybbuk, ballet (1974)

Orchestral and choral musicSym. no.1, 'Jeremiah' (1942); Sym. no.2, 'The Age of Anxiety' (1949); Prelude, Fugue and Riffs, cl, jazz ens (1949); Serenade, vn, str, harp, perc (1954); Sym. no.3, 'Kaddish' (1963); Chichester Psalms (1965); Slava!, ov. (1977); Songfest (1977); Divertimento (1980); Halil (1981)

Chamber and instrumental music Cl Sonata (1942); Seven Anniversaries, pf (1943); Four Anniversaries, pf (1948); Brass Music (1948); Five Anniversaries, pf (1954); Touches, pf (1981)

Solo vocal music I Hate Music (1943); La bonne cuisine (1947); Two Love Songs (1949); Piccola serenata (1979)

(c)Groves Dictionaries, MacMillan Publishers Limited, UK

 Classical News
Festival Preview - Pigtales in Aspen
A pig with hair to make Goldilocks blush and who is more concerned with true love than becoming sausages. There's meat in Gruber's opera premiered to be premiered in Aspen...

Goodbye to Berlin
Claudio Abbado conducts his Berlin Philharmonic Orchestra for the final time in Vienna to great ovations and celebrations of a top-rank conducting career...

GMN artists prominent at Proms 2002
The BBC Promenade Concerts for 2002 have been announced and, as usual, feature a feast of musical luninaries, with many of the concert highlights coming from GMN's illustrious family...

More Classical News

 Featured Item

Read more

gmnyour arts network 
 GMN ClassicalPlus   GMN JazzPlus 
Become an Affiliate ˇ Contact Us ˇ Advertising ˇ News ˇ Links
Home ˇ Register ˇ Terms of Use ˇ Privacy Policy ˇ Information Center ˇ Help

Copyright © 1999 - 2001 Global Music Network Inc. All Rights Reserved.
Music downloads, audio and video provided for personal, non-commercial use only and may not be re-distributed.

Thu, Apr 22, 2021 9:47:16 AM US EST
back to top
0.03125 Seconds
v4.0b - - True